Indonesia, as chair of ASEAN in 2011, developed the ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation (AIPR) proposal. This commitment to peace was stated in the ASEAN Leaders’ Joint Statement on the Establishment of an ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation. ASEAN member states had previously relied more on self-restraint, consultation, consensus, third-party mediation, and parting with undecidedness with matters left for later settlement.
However, ASEAN member countries are still very much reluctant to utilize the formal mechanism, which is the High Council as mandated in the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC), due to the concern over potential violations of the non-interference principle upheld by all ASEAN member states. This has emanated from the fear of non-neutral parties attempting to mediate issues of concern. The formation of the AIPR was induced in the APSC Blueprint in 2010, which called for the consideration of the establishment of the AIPR.
Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa stated that the institute would comprise think-tanks or second-track institutions across the Southeast Asia region, as not all issues can be solved at the governmental level. Therefore, the institute will process conflicts which respond through non-state mechanisms.
However, the use of the AIPR has well depended on each respective country since those recommendations would not be legally binding with the disputing parties, while they might be applied at the global level. Therefore, the AIPR has not presented itself as interfering, but rather, increased its attractiveness.