Abdul Wahid

dr abdul wahib
The research on Economization and minorities during Indonesian colonization seeks to analyze ways in which the tax system in colonial Indonesia evolved, concomitant with its social, politic and economic consequences. The research focuses on the transformation of what was known as pachtstelsel, or revenue farming, a tax collecting system involving the role of private party, mainly Chinese businessmen, in practice throughout the nineteenth century, into a substitute system, regiestelsel, or state monopoly and state collected taxes, introduced at the turn of the twentieth century. Both taxation systems constituted a majority of taxes introduced in Java,Read More