Penelope Eckert


Posted On November 15, 2015By hadzantonisIn 2015-nov-21, 2015-nov-21-fo

Perspective of self: Part 1

Our frame of reference of self can well influence our perspectives of others, and hence our attitudes and actions toward those others. The ways we position ourselves, and hence the ways in which we legitimate, and naturalize, our position, in relation to others, can prove quite complex. This positioning, in all its plurality, creates certain distances between ourselves and others. Hence, as we position ourselves from and to others, we distance those others, and ourselves from those others. Observing this proximity of others to ourselves, we also judge our own relative positions, and hence waysRead More

Posted On October 1, 2015By hadzantonisIn 2015-oct-20, 2015-oct-20-fm

Critical theory: Part 4

In Parts 1, 2, and 3 of Critical theory, we introduced Critical theory. I discussed that it represents both a school of though and a methodology. I noted that Critical theory works on at least four levels. At the first level, at its simplest, Critical theory requires the critic to have a sound knowledge context. The second level, to aid a Critical theory methodology, the reader positions the text and the audience in various strategic ways. However, we can take this further. At a third level, agency moves toward the reader in aRead More

Posted On September 30, 2015By hadzantonisIn 2015-sep-19, 2015-sep-19-fm

Critical theory: Part 3

In Parts 1 and 2 of Critical theory, I introduced the methodology, its fundamental framework, and the first of a proposed 4 types of modus operandi. For the first level, I discussed Critical theory as a thorough review and interpretation of a text and its subjective set of contexts. For the second level, we view Critical theory as a way in which the the reader positions the text and the audience, that is the reader. As we read text, we continuous place ourselves in positions of semiotic correctness, and henceRead More

Posted On September 1, 2015By hadzantonisIn 2015-sep-19, 2015-sep-19-fo

Layering Ontology: Part 1

When we speak of Ontology, we speak of the nature of being. To ground discussions of Ontology, we would do well to set definitions; definitions which will be contested throughout the discussion. In classical, ancient, and Hellenistic Greek, the term for I am, the auxiliary verb, Είμαι (Ihmeh), the I in the state of becoming, that is, enacting rge self. This has transferred to the English be-ing, which suggests a continual process of developing the presence of self, be. This being then, predicated on the actions of oneself, must continually change, andRead More

Posted On August 1, 2015By hadzantonisIn 2015-aug-18, 2015-aug-18-fm

Critical theory: Part 2

In part 1 of Critical theory, I introduced the methodology, and its fundamental framework. But how does Critical theory operate? I suggest that Critical theory operates on (at least) four different levels, each of which I will elaborate on separately. The first level, at its simplest, requires the critic to have a sound knowledge of a/the context. The critic or analyst determines inconsistencies and contradictions between the text, and the knowledge and beliefs of the analyst. The analyst subsequently argues for realignment of the text with current beliefs. Here, the critic/analyst should notRead More
Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky, living in the early part of the 20th century, was known as a psychologist. I do not see him as such. Vygotsky was much else. His work has brought to the fore much to consider, and to ontologically build on. In this short discussion of ontology, we look at the semiotic budget, popularized through the work of Vygotsky. The semiotic budget represents a collection of usable cognitive tools, adapted from and through social and cultural contexts, and our requirements of those contexts. We have cognitive tools that build onRead More
I continue my discussion of Anthropological research, in this Part 2. The very situated nature of anthropological observation and analysis instils upon anthropological research a highly situated form of conceptualizing and thinking. This situated practice suggests that the way we see the world (should) becomes relevant to the world we are observing, but nevertheless a procure that integrates with the world we have learnt to observe.  It follows that we convey to the social laboratory a set of tools we have become accustomed to; tools which we employ in ourRead More